Sometimes your pipelines need to be able to access a Docker daemon directly. You can now use Docker commands such as
docker push in your pipeline, with full access to all their features.
Simply set the property
docker: true in your pipeline and a Docker daemon will be provisioned exclusively for your pipeline. When your pipeline terminates, the daemon (and the host on which it runs) is destroyed.
build: box: alpine docker: true steps: ...
You can use the
docker command or any tool or a library that requires direct access to a Docker daemon. The environment variable
DOCKER_HOST is set to the URI of the daemon.
Note that if your pipeline needs to use the
docker command, you will need to specify a box image that already has Docker installed or add a step to install it.
The following additional environment variables are made available in your pipeline:
||URI of docker daemon|
||Name of Docker bridge network used by the box (pipeline container) and the services|
The pipeline container (and any services that you specify) are connected to a Docker bridge network created by Wercker. The name of the network is available in the environment variable
This means that if your pipeline starts a container, then you should connect it to the same network. This allows the pipeline container (and other containers on that network) to create connections to the new container using the name of the container as the hostname.
For example, if you want to use the
docker run command to start a container, then you can do this by adding the
The following example shows a pipeline which requires direct access to a Docker daemon, and therefore specifies
docker: true property.
The pipeline starts by installing
It then uses the
docker run command to start a container using a sample image from Docker that starts a simple web server. The
--network=$DOCKER_NETWORK_NAME parameter is used to add the container to the same network as the pipeline container.
curl command is then used to send a HTTP GET request to the web server. Note that the name of the container is used as the hostname, which is only possible because we specified
docker kill command is used to kill the container.
build: box: alpine docker: true steps: - script: name: Install docker code: apk --no-cache add docker - script: name: Install Curl code: apk --no-cache add curl - script: name: Run a docker container code: docker run --rm -d -p 8888:80 --name static-site --network=$DOCKER_NETWORK_NAME dockersamples/static-site - script: name: Connect to the container code: | sleep 2 # allow time for the container to start curl static-site:80 - script: name: kill the container using docker kill code: | docker kill static-site
When starting a Docker container, you can specify volumes and mounts in the usual way. However, you need to be aware that your pipeline runs in a container rather than on the host machine directly. This means that you can’t directly mount directories that exist within the pipeline container.
If your containers need access to files or directories that exist in the pipeline container, you can use the
docker cp command to copy them to the new container.
Wercker already has some built-in steps to perform basic Docker operations. These are
internal/docker-kill. For more information see Internal Steps and Building an image.
These steps allow you to perform various Docker operations without the need for direct Docker access. They are faster and simpler than using the
docker command but have limitations.
In addition, the
internal/docker-scratch-push steps provide a way to convert the currently running pipeline container directly into a Docker image and push it immediately to a registry. This avoids the need to create a
Dockerfile and use the
docker build and
docker push commands.